The Norms rebuilt the city they had destroyed and, by the Middle Ages, York was the most powerful and prosperous town in the north of England. The Minster, the city walls and many fine medievil buildings survived the Reformation and the English Civil War, but by the 18th century York, no longer an international port, had become a market town but also the elegant social capital of the North.
In the 19th century, they railways and two chocolate companies transformed York. Today the National Railway Museum and York's historic buildings attract 3 million visitors every year.
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